5 Sub Vayus/Pancha Upapranas


Sri Shankara Bhagavatpadaru has not mentioned another 5 sub vayus because they are controlled by these prana, apaana, vyaana, udaana and samaana vayus. In addition to these five, pancha prana there are five supporting, upapranas, which manifest as physiological functions of nerves and automatic responses such as belching (Naga); blinking and allows for vision (Kurma); sneezing, coughing, hunger & thirst (Krkura); yawning (Devadatta); Sleeping, producing phlegm, circulation of blood particularly in the heart and decomposition after death (Dhananjaya). Dhananjaya permeates the whole body, never leaving it. Tirumular discusses the importance of keeping dhananjaya in balance throughout the body to keep it functioning properly.

Though it is not relevant here to speak more about Dhananjaya Vayu, I consider it an opportunity for us to know little more about Dhananjaya Vayu which remains in the body even after death till the body is decomposed. One of the Siddhar Sri Tirumular is said to have written more about Dhananjaya vayu but I could not find it and more so it may be available in Tamil script.

We have heard of the rarest of the rarest incidents of the dead person after some time getting back to the life. These are the rarest possibilities of Dhananjaya vayu getting extraordinarily activated and thus restoring the circulation of the blood in the heart. We in India have many communities where the dead body is cremated, but the sanyasins and peethadhipatis in the same community after death are not cremated but a Brindavan is built. This may be because of the belief that those enlightened masters have also left Dhananjaya Vayu along with other Pranas so that the body will not be decomposed. This is a subject for learned scholars to think over. Similarly, religious ritual called Kriya samadhi is performed to those who have a special kind of deeksha among Veerashiavas and also for saints and Peethadhipathis. This also may be a dharmic process to see that Dhananjaya prana is left the body. The learned scholars have to through light on this so that Dhananjaya Vayu is better understood.

Dhananjaya is a common name for Geetaacharya Sri Krishna and Arjuna. This also paves the way for scholars to do some research on Dhananjaya Vayu.

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